Russ Cox said something like this in http://groups.google.com/groups?dq=&hl=en&lr=&ie=UTF-8&selm=606456fcdc17ce997666a1895d86f9ba%40plan9.bell-labs.com
There is a new kernel config file section called "bootdir" that lists the files to be placed in #//boot. There are no binaries in #/ itself anymore.
A typical bootdir section might look like
bootdir bootpcdisk.out boot /386/bin/ip/ipconfig /386/bin/auth/factotum /386/bin/disk/kfs /386/bin/cfs
which says that /boot will contain four files: boot, ipconfig, factotum, kfs, and cfs, copied from the listed paths.
The kernels have always special cased boot$CONF.out to get it listed as /boot. It is now /boot/boot, and no longer a special case.
Now that everything is in /boot, initcode had to change for all the kernels; /boot/boot itself had to change to exec /boot/ipconfig (instead of /ipconfig), etc. Finally, auth_getkey changed. It looks for /factotum and then /boot/factotum, to deal with either type of kernel.
The boot file /386/bin/ip/ipconfig (e.g.) turns into _386_bin_ip_ipconfig.root.s and then _386_bin_ip_ipconfig.root.8. It's a bit of an ugly name, but mk clean will get rid of them. You could imagine just using the last path element, but that might lead to weird build inconsistencies if kernels were using two different files with the same last element. One unfortunate consequence of the big name is that _386_bin_auth_factotum.root.s is too long for the current file servers to deal with. You could use lnfs to get around this, but I didn't want to require lnfs(4) for the kernel build, so we have a rule in portmkfile that copies factotum and ipconfig to factotum.hack and ipconfig.hack and then the bootdir section actually looks like:
bootdir bootpcdisk.out boot ipconfig.hack ipconfig factotum.hack factotum /386/bin/disk/kfs /386/bin/cfs
sadly. That will go away when we get long file names.
The pc initcode is also changed. Whereas before it used to do
exec("/boot", ["boot", 0]);
in hand-coded assembly (pc/initcode.s), it now does
open("#c/cons", OREAD); open("#c/cons", OWRITE); open("#c/cons", OWRITE); bind("#c", "/dev", MAFTER); bind("#ec", "/env", MAFTER); bind("#e", "/env", MCREATE|MAFTER); bind("#s", "/srv", MREPL|MCREATE); execl("/boot/boot", "/boot/boot", 0);
in C (port/initcode.c). The point is to set up enough of a namespace that /boot/boot can be a shell script. Eventually the other architectures should change too, though it's not urgent. If someone wants to do the bitsy, send me mail and I'll let you know what it took to get one of the old undistributed mips kernels changed over. (The compiler setup is similar.)
As a much bigger example, I built a kernel called pcext the other night. It uses rx and trampoline to connect through a Plan 9 gateway machine to the root file server. It uses this bootdir:
bootdir bootext boot /386/bin/rc /rc/lib/rcmain /386/bin/bind /386/bin/cat /386/bin/cp /386/bin/echo /386/bin/mount /386/bin/sleep factotum.hack factotum /386/bin/ip/ipconfig /386/bin/cfs /386/bin/aux/srvthru
(and does require lnfs to build).
Srvthru is the obvious program -- it connects to rx, authenticates, starts trampoline to the real file server, and then optionally pushes cfs onto the connection.
The point is that bootext is a shell script, which makes it easier to tweak than when /boot was a binary building out of /sys/src/9/boot.
#!/boot/rc -m /boot/rcmain cd /boot cp '#r/rtc' '#c/time' bind -a /boot /bin bind -a '#I' /net bind -a '#l0' /net bind -a '#S' /dev bind '#p' /proc bind '#d' /fd bind -a /boot / ipconfig echo 'authdom=cs.bell-labs.com auth=18.104.22.168' >>/net/ndb factotum -sfactotum -u -a 22.214.171.124 cargs=() if(~ $#cfs 1 && ! ~ $cfs off) cargs=(-c $cfs) srvthru $cargs tcp!126.96.36.199!17009 il!emelie!9fs boot emelie mount -c /srv/boot /root bind -ac /root / bind -c /root/mnt /mnt mount -a '#s/factotum' /mnt rootdir=/root rootspec='' /386/init -t /boot/rc -m/boot/rcmain -i # in case init fails
It takes care of everything /boot traditionally does, using srvthru as the way to establish /srv/boot (and also /srv/emelie, just for kicks).